extent of harappan civilization

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It was more than a million square kilometers in area, much larger than modern Pakistan, much larger than all the other ancient civilizations, excepting China of course, put together. There are no written records for Origin and Extent Harappan Civilization. selfstudyhistory.com . The Harappans settled the Indus plain over a territory larger than the contemporary extent … Archaeologistsfurther discovered in Harappa the same ruins of the civilisation as were found at Mohenjodaro. In 1842, Masson incorporated his perceptions of Harappa in the book,’Narrative of Various Journeys in Baluchistan, Afghanistan, and the Punjab’. The Indus Valley Civilization was a Bronze Age civilization spreading from today’s North-East Afghanistan to Pakistan and North-West India. The Harappan … Origin and Extent of Harappan Civilization. These bear marks of the Indus culture. Mohenjo-Daro in Sind. The pre-Harappan phase(c.3200-2900 BCE) The pre-Harappan stage is located in eastern Baluchistan. At Rangur, Lothal in Gujarat, and in some other places near the Nerboda, same traces as those at Harappa have been found. Harappa in Punjab and the town was situated on the bank of the Ravi. Kalibangan in Rajasthan situated on the bank of the Gharghara. Introduction of Origin and Extent of Harappan Civilisation, also know as Indus Valley Civilization. After 1947, governments of India and Pakistan took initiative to conduct excavations in more other places and discovered relics of the Indus Civilization. We get an account of Origin and Extent of Harappan Civilization (Indus Valley Civilization) from the analysis of the ruins found at different places of the Indus valley and Mesopotamia. However, recent excavations in Gujarat have shown that the extent of the civilization is much more than what people had thought it to be earlier. Harappan Civilization: Geographical Extent. The older view that the Harappan culture was exotic and had no capacity to expand within the Indian sub-continent has lost its force due to the discovery of Harappan relics in wide areas of India. In 1872–75 Alexander Cunningham published the first Harappan seal (with an erroneous identification as Brahmi letters). Harappan Civilization, also known as Indus Valley Civilization, had flourished across the area of the North-Western part of the Indian subcontinent around 2500 BC. 50 Important questions about Indus Valley Civilization Essays about the antiquity and extent of […] Masson made notes and representations of Harappa’s rich authentic antiques, many lying half-covered. India had at that time carried on efficient trade with foreign lands. It is expected that further excavations will increase the extent of the Harappan civilization. Harappa is the name of the ruins of an immense capital city of the Indus Civilization, and one of the best-known sites in Pakistan, located on the bank of the Ravi River in central Punjab Province.At the height of the Indus civilization, between 2600–1900 BCE, Harappa was one of a handful of central places for thousands of cities and towns covering a million square kilometers (about … Legacy of Harappan Culture: Harappan civilization is the most ancient civilization of Indian history. Even special and important ruins similar to those found at the Indus valley have been discovered in places far away from the areas near the river, Indus. Harappan civilization is one of the most ancient civilizations of the world. This civilization was spread over an area of about 1600 kilometers from West to East and 1100 kilometers from North to South. This civilization was largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia and China and covered an area of around 13 Lakh square kilometers. At Ruper in north-eastern Punjab, relics similar to those of Mohenjodaro and Harappa especially clay vessels of drivers colour and shape have been found. Further, documents found at Akkad, (situated in the north-east of ancient Mesopotamia) point to the commercial relations they established With the Indus people. was generally taken to be the date of the decline of Indus Civilisation. The relevant excavations have proved that the extent of the Harappan civilization covered an area of 1550 kilometers from north to south and about 1100 K. M. from west to east. In West the last extent is seaboard of South Baluchistan at the Suktagendor which can be called its western border. The relevant excavations have proved that the extent of the Harappan civilization covered an area of 1550 kilometers from north to south and about 1100 K. M. from west to east. According to some authors,  the roots of Hinduism go down to the Vedic Text. It is as if these areas bore witness to the transformation of Harappan civilisation. Mohenjodaro had a population of about 35,000. Harappan civilization Harappan civilization. Even in the Gangetic areas, excavations show the remains that can be compared with those found at Harappa. and 2750 B.C. This made time scholars assume that Harappan civilization lasted at least till sixteenth century B.C. Harappan Geographical Spread. It covered an area larger than its contemporary civilizations like Egypt and Mesopotamia. Scholars believe that the largest Harappan city i.e. Some archaeologists are of opinion that the date of Indus Valley Civilization was between 3250 B.C. It was believed to be a hub of art and culture and architecture. The excavation at Mehrangarh 150 miles to the northwest of Mohenjo-Daro reveals the existence of pre-Harappan culture. Rupar in Hariyana situated on the bank of the Sutlej. But the result of examination through ‘Carbon-14’ method makes scholars assume that 1700 B.C. and 1800 B.C. and 1600 B.C. Lothal in Gujrat situated on the bank of the Bhagawar River. One case in point is the necropolis at Rakhigarhi site (Haryana, India), one of the largest cities of the Harappan Civilization, where most burials within the cemetery remained uninvestigated. An insufficient number of archaeological surveys has been carried out to date on Harappan Civilization cemeteries. The two greatest cities, Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, emerged circa 2600 BC along the Indus River valley in Punjab and Sindh. It has the largest area of civilisation: 12,99,600 sq km. The comparative analysis of the ruins found at different places of the Indus valley and Mesopotamia gives us an account of origin and Extent of Harappa Civilization. It extended from Sutkagendor in the west, to Alamgirpur in the east and from Manda in the north to Bhagatrav in Narmada estuary in the south. A number of other sites stretching from the Himal… The main centers of the Harappan civilization as revealed by the recent excavations are: Rise of Magadha Empire (Magadha Imperialism) – Geographical, Economic and Political Factors, Extent of the Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization). The Sumerian, the Akkadian, the Egyptian, Hittite and so on. 1.Back in 20th century; when extensive excavations first begun & evidences of two large settlements were found, Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro (later Rupar & Lothal) archaeologists never had the glut of resources & information as we posses today. The Harappan sites were spread over Kathiawar and Gujarat almost the whole Punjab, Northern Rajasthan, Jammu, Sindh, Afghanistan and Balochistan. It is certain that intensive excavations will result in the collection of more materials. The Archaeological Department of the Governments of India and Pakistan have unearthed the relics of Harappan culture at many places outside the Indus Valley. Again, a similarity between the earthen containers of Clossus of Crete and those of Harappa has been discovered. What was the extent of the Harappan Civilization? At places near Bikaner of Rajasthan, a number of articles have been discovered, after excavation of the sandy areas. It was spread over parts of Punjab, Haryana, Sindh, Baluchistan, … Let us learn about this very important part of our history The discovery of new sites of this civilization has superseded the older theory. There are reasons to believe that the Harappans spread their civilizations eastward. The discoveries made at these architectural sights give us great insight into the lives & lifestyles of our ancestors. History. Before moving forward let me tell you that the harappan civilization was classified into four phases or stages. December 1, 2019 by OBJECTIVE IAS. ADVERTISEMENTS: In the Harappan civilization the elaborate social structure and the standard of living must have been maintained by a highly developed system of communication and trade. It is found that the circumferential extension of the civilisation over the area was 1550 kilometers. An insufficient number of archaeological surveys has been carried out to date on Harappan Civilization cemeteries. The archaeological remains show that before the emergence of Harappan civilization the people lived in small villages. Harappa was in the Montgomery district of the Punjab and was 650 kilometers away from Mohenjodaro. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. After 1947, governments of India and Pakistan took initiative to conduct excavations in more other places, and discovered relics of the Indus Civilization. In their opinion, it was not prior to the period between 2400 B.C. Origin and Extent of Harappan Civilisation The urban harappan culture was a result of growth and development of local village cultures. The entire area of Harappa is triangular in shape. The extent of the Harappa civilization has now been determined to be a vast territory stretching for more than 1000 kilometer from north to south and about 1500 kilometer from west to east. It flourished from around 2500 BC to 1750 BC. It had trade contacts with Mesopotamia. The centre of the civilization was in Sind and Punjab in undivided India, from this centre, the civilization spread towards all direction. The map shows the extent of the Harappan or Indus Civilization along with the various neolithic sites in the region. Archaeological excavation of excavation of an ancient Buddhist temple was conducted at Larkana district in Sind. About 80 years ago, archaeologists discovered the Harappan cities which were developed about 4700 years ago. Their highly developed civic life had its manifestations in their socio-cultural habits and practices. Extent of the civilisation - shortcut The entire area of the Harappan civilisation is triangular in shape and accounts for about 1,299,600 sq km and was the largest area amongst the ancient civilisations. Origin. The archaeologists had to depend on various stray materials and evidences to determine the origin of Harappan Civilization. The name of the place was ‘Mohenjo-Daro’. Till 1920, the relics of the civilization were found only in the Indus valley region; therefore, it was known as the Indus civilization. Right from North Afghanistan to South India and West Pakistan to Central-Eastern India, the Geographical extent of the IVC is approx 12,00,000 sqkm. The Harappan or Indus Civilization (1 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ –8) developed at the arid outer edge of the monsoonal rain belt (9, Fig. Recent discovery made at Alamgirhpur near Meerut following excavation is of great significance. Its two large cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, were located in present-day Pakistan’s Punjab and Sindh provinces, respectively. It gave to the world the first taste of urban life. In east Alamagirpur in Uttar Pradesh (District Meerut) can be called its Eastern Border. « Previous Article Next Article » Geographical Extent. that India and Mesopotamia did come in contact with each other. Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization because Harappa was the first site to be excavated in 1921 under the supervision of Daya Ram Sahni. But some recent discoveries have led the archaeologists and the historians to advance the timeline of  Indus Valley civilization. As the time passed, there was the emergence of small towns which ultimately led to full-fledged towns during the Harappan period. The Indus cities had their highest development in the period between the third and second millennia B.C. Both Mohenjodaro and Harappa are now in Pakistan. These deserve mention along with the relics of Mohenjodaro and Harappa. It extends from Sivaliks to Arabian Sea and from Meerut to Makran coast of Baluchistan. The town was situated on the bank of the Indus. Log in Join now Secondary School. The traces of the Harappan civilization have been found also in the Narmada Valley in Deccan. Log in Join now 1. It is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of mankind. [14] It was half a century later, in 1912, that more Harappan seals were discovered by J. Formerly it was believed that the extent of Harappan civilization was confined within only the Indus Valley. Its extent reached as far south as the Gulf of Khambhat and as far east as the Yamuna (Jumna) River. It spread from Sut Kanjo Daro in Baluchistan in the west to Alarngirpore in Mirat district in U. P. and from Rupar in Hariyana to the Gulf of Cambay and the Bhagabar Valley in Gujarat. The Indus valley civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization and is famous for its systematic planning based on the grid system. have been unearthed in copies number. Related posts: What are the probable causes of the downfall of the Harappan civilization? Extent of the Civilization The Harappan People. It is surprising that people hardly realize the extent of the Harappan civilization. Class vi ICSE Board - 1427621 1. Recently, the application of ‘Carbon-14’ method has resulted in the determination of 2400 B.C., as the date of Indus civilisation, 1500 B.C. In other words, the Harappan culture extended over a period between 3000 B.C. The geographical extent of Harappan civilization covered areas of Punjab, Haryana, Gujrat, Rajasthan, Sindh, Baluchistan and the fringes of western Uttar Pradesh. In other words, the Harappan culture extended over a period between 3000 B.C. The ruins of a very old civilisation were beneath the ground wherein the actual excavation was being carried on. can be taken as the date of the decline of Indus Civilisation. The known extent of IVC is up to Suktagendor in Baluchistan in the west; Alamgirpur (UP) in the east; Daimabad (Maharashtra) in the South; and Manda (Jammu & Kashmir) in the north. The general impression till the early years of the twentieth century was that the beginning of Indian civilisation was to be traced from the Vedic Age. The Harappan civilization was located in the Indus River valley. Harappan Civilization Theories Project for the Indus River Valley. The civilisation, with a possible writing system, urban centers, and diversified social and economic system, was rediscovered in the 1920s also after excavations at Mohenjo-daro in Sindh near Larkana, and Harappa, in west Punjab south of Lahore. One case in point is the necropolis at Rakhigarhi site (Haryana, India), one of the largest cities of the Harappan Civilization, where most burials within the cemetery remained uninvestigated. and 1600 B.C. Other words, the Geographical extent of Harappan civilization Theories Project for the River... Made time scholars assume that Harappan civilization was located in eastern Baluchistan of.! Civilisation ( Indus Valley civilization: characteristics and significance, art and culture and architecture Harappan seals were discovered J... 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