river chub scientific name

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[3], The river chub does suffer where pollution, turbidity and siltation, acid mine drainage and acid precipitation/deposition impact its habitat. The glochidia encyst on the gills of river chubs where they metamorphose into juveniles and then drop off. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Nocomis micropogon. It is a member of the carp family and looks very similar to the dace, but is larger and has redder fins. 2010. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. [5] In addition to the breeding male's changes, other sexual dimorphic characters include slightly larger paired, anal, and dorsal fins in the female, and faster growth rate and larger size in the male. 1950. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. A recovery plan was published in 1998. Explore the scientific names of relatively well-known plants and animals. [citation needed], The river chub is among the most common fishes in North American streams. The Flathead Chub is used as a bait fish in selected areas of the country (Koster 1957; Scott and Crossman 1973). Specifically, it is found in the central and western portions of the Ohio River basin, including in the upper Green, upper Barren, Cumberland, Duck, and lower Tennessee rivers. Other insects consumed were Coleoptera (beetles), Hemiptera (true bugs), Hymenoptera (bees, wasps, and ants), Plecoptera (stoneflies), Neuroptera (net-winged insects like laceflies), and Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). Geographic distribution The redtail chub is found in north central Tennessee as well as south central Kentucky. The European chub (Leuciscus cephalus) is a http://www.natureserve.org/getData. Environmental Biology of Fishes 55:21-30. It is one of the most common fishes in North American streams. [15], River chub is one of the most common fishes in its range. Conical barbel at corner of large, slightly . During the breedingseason the His head swells and grows well-developed tubercles from eyes to snout tip. Description Name Family Cyprinidae Scientific Name Nocomis micropogon Genus Nocomis Species micropogon Common Name river chub Description Catalog Number 169063 Size 129 mmSL,150 TL Number of Specimens 1 [citation needed], The river chub is prey for larger fish and is used as bait by fishermen seeking large game fish such as bass and catfish. Mine Water and the Environment 29.3:176-199. Life-History of the Endangered Fine-Rayed Pigtoe. 1952. In late spring the breeding male builds a pebble nest close to the bank of the stream in low to moderate current. Chub. Available, Lachner, EA. Its diet consists primarily of aquatic invertebrates. Like many minnow species it requires flowing water over coarse substrate to reproduce so dams impact its range negatively. Limestone treatments and wetlands were built to mitigate the acid mine drainage and the river chub was one of the first species to return.[10]. 2008, Gila robusta semidnuda Cope and Yarrow, 1876, Gila robusta seminuda Cope and Yarrow, 1875. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Learn about the restrictions and public health measures that are in … NatureServe, 2006. They are intolerant of pollution, turbidity and siltation, and require a minimum pH 6.0. The Swatara Creek in Pennsylvania had no fish due to acid mine drainage. Critical habitat was designated on March 10, 2010. Also, hybridization among nest associates is not uncommon. On February 17, 2015, the USFWS announced the removal of the Oregon chub, and its critical habitat, from the list of Endangered and Thre… She produces 500-1000 ova, probably among several nests. [9], The river chub presence in a stream is a good indicator of water quality. Scientific name: Squalius cephalus. Dams can also trap the stone and gravel sediments and keep them from replenishing the waters below. Abandoned Mine Drainage in the Swatara Creek Basin, Southern Anthracite Coalfield, Pennsylvania, USA: 1. [11][12][13] Fresh-water mussels release small masses of microscopic larvae known as glochidia in a loose gelatinous matrix. CHARACTERISTICS: Compared to the bluehead chub, Nocomis leptocephalus, which is stout and whose breeding males become blue, the river chub, N. micropogon, is less stout, and its breeding males become rosy red. [13] Nest associates and host may equally benefit from their affiliation. Gilbert (1998) recognized three distinct subspecies: C. p. plumbeus, C. p. greeni, and one formerly known as C. p. dissimilis (a name no longer available). NatureServe. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Populations in Ohio have been extirpated by turbidity and siltation in western regions and are threatened by acid mine drainage in the coal region. : 010145 Legal Status: ¾ Arizona, Species of Special Concern ¾ ESA, Endangered ¾ ESA, Proposed Endangered ¾ ESA, Proposed Threatened ¾ ¾ ¾ Native Range: Throughout much of Canada and northern United States; south to Delaware River, New York; southern end of Lake Michigan, Illinois; Platte River system, Colorado; and Columbia River drainage, Washington. The river chub (Nocomis micropogon) is a minnow in the family Cyprinidae. Scientific Name: Gila robusta Common Name: Roundtail chub BISON No. Reproductive Behavioral Phylogenetics of, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T202276A18230616.en, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/factsheet.aspx?SpeciesID=577, http://ohiodnr.com/watercraft/tabid/2592/Default.aspx, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=River_chub&oldid=948690426, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 April 2020, at 13:39. Scientific name i Nocomis micropogon Taxonomy navigation › Nocomis Terminal (leaf) node. The scientific name of the Columbia River chub Zoology, University of Michigan Museum of (UMMZ) The scientific name of the Columbia River chub Hubbs, C. L.; Schultz, L. P. USFWS (US Fish and Wildlife Service), 2013. This species takes its name from the prominent hump between the head and dorsal fin , which is thought to direct the flow of water over the body and help maintain body position in the swift currents of the Colorado. Stream Water Quality Trends Coinciding with the Return of Fish. 2012. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 30.5:1238-1257. World Wide Web Electronic publication. [5] The river chub is found in clear, medium to large creeks and rivers with moderate to swift current over rock and gravel substrate, from southeast Ontario and southern New York to Michigan and Indiana, south to northwest South Carolina to northwest Alabama. Downloadable animal datasets, NatureServe Central Databases. Size: 23 cm. River Chub Scientific Name: Nocomis micropogon Taxonomy Group: Fishes COSEWIC Range: Ontario COSEWIC Assessment Date and Status Change: April 1988 COSEWIC Status: Not … Environmental Conservation Online System. Next, collecting a relatively uniform set of up 10,000 pebbles about 1 cm in size from as far away as 25m, he builds a short platform and then a 20–30 cm high circular mound with a central trough on the upstream slope. 1999. During the breeding season, sexually mature males develop pinkish-purple coloration, and swollen heads with tubercles between the eyes and snout tip (they are sometimes called hornyheads). Arlington, Virginia, USA: NatureServe. [6] It has been introduced into the Ottawa River system in Ontario, and may owe its presence in the Santee, Savannah and Coosa Rivers to introduction by fishermen emptying bait buckets. McManamay RA, DJ Orth, CA Dolloff, and MA Cantrell. Common Name: Virgin River Chub Scientific Name: Gila seminuda Appearance: The Virgin River Chub is a medium-sized minnow, typically less than 5.9 in long, but can reach lengths of 9.8 in. The river chub is a robust minnow, dark olivaceous above to dusky yellow below, with orange-red fins, large scales, a large slightly subterminal mouth, and a small barbel (whisker-like organ) at the corners of the jaw. If, however, you are short on time, you can have a productive session without pre-baiting, just make sure you approach each swim quietly and don’t cause any disturbances prior to fishing. [11][12], Nest associates of the river chub include species of the Clinostomus, Luxilus, Lythrurus, Notropis, Phoxinus, Rhinichthys, and Semotilus genera. http://ecos.fws.gov. However, it can reach 18 inches in length For example, in an effort to establish a more viable population, pebble nest associate Phoxinus cumberlandensis was bred in aquaria with a man made pebble nest, and milt from a breeding male river chub was added to induce spawning. ODFW biologists sample for Oregon Chub. When Oregon chub were listed in 1993 as “endangered” under the ESA, the population had declined to under 1,000 fish in eight known locations, down from at least 29 locations historically. Conservation Status: Not listed State Rank: secure Distribution: The range of the creek chub encompasses most of eastern North America, including the Great Lakes, Mississippi River, Gulf coast, Atlantic coast (excluding Florida and Georgia), and Hudson Bay drainages. Egg, Larval and Juvenile Development of Longnose Dace, Lachner, EA. [14], In early spring the adult male river chub undergoes pronounced changes in his appearance in preparation for breeding. [7], The river chub is generally considered widespread and abundant with no apparent major threats. Cravotta CA, RA Brightbill, and MJ Langland. Riverine Fish of Ohio's Scenic Rivers. [16], The eggs hatch in 5–6 days and the larvae grows to become a 19mm long juvenile in about 57 days. RIVER CHUB. NH Fish and Game Department, guardian of the state's fish, wildlife, and marine resources. The Oregon chub was listed as endangered in 1993. It has been extirpated in areas with excess turbidity and siltation in western Ohio. Common name • Sicklefin chub Scientific name • Macrhybopsis meeki Federal status • Candidate Ecology The sicklefin chub is restricted to the Missouri River and the Mississippi River downstream of the confluence of these two Mayflies (mainly baetids) were about 6% of the total. Editors. [10] They provide ecological services to mussels (as glochidia host), and nest associates, some of which may not spawn in its absence. Reproductive Biology and Fish Hosts of the Tennessee Clubshell, Bruenderman, SA and RJ Neves. [4] The main threats it faces are pollution, siltation, and habitat destruction primarily by dam building. Chubs are good bait fish, and large specimens are caught for sport or food. [2] The river chub grows to a maximum of about 33 centimetres (13 in), with males larger than females. One study of river chub stomach contents in western New York found that insects were 70% of the volume of food consumed, plants 20% (mainly filamentous algae), crustaceans 5% (primarily Cambarus), and mollusks 4% (primarily gastropods), plus a few fish and arachnids. 1991. [3] Nest construction begins with the river chub male creating a shallow depression 0.5-1m in diameter by removing the stones with his mouth and depositing them on the lateral margins. The silvery chub can be seen gathering in large shoals in lowland rivers and streams. Gravel addition as a habitat zestoration technique for tailwaters. Scientific names are used to universally identify and name an organism. Chub - Leuciscus cephalus - description of Chub baits and fishing methods to catch Chub. The relationship of spawning mode to conservation of North American minnows (Cyprinidae). Photo Credit: Dave Herasimtschuk, Freshwater Illustrated. Due to the successful implementation of the recovery plan, the species' status improved, and on April 23, 2010, the USFWS changed the Endangered Species Act classification of the Oregon chub from endangered to threatened. A monitoring plan to assess the status of the spotfin chub population in the Little Tennessee River was implemented in August 2007. [3] Females produce about 500-1000 ova that are probably spread among several different males’ nests. This includes the Susquehanna River system, James River system, Great Lakes basin (except Lake Superior), Ohio River basin, Santee River, Savannah River, and Coosa River. The Virgin River fishes: Woundfin (Plagopterus argentissimus) and Virgin River chub (Gila seminuda) 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. 2010. Riparian buffers in agricultural areas can help keep turbidity and contaminants from waterways. www.fishbase.org, version (10/2012). FishBase. It is a streamlined fish with Chub, any of several freshwater fishes of the carp family, Cyprinidae, common in Europe and North America. Mohave tui chub Credit: Joe Ferreira, California Department of Wildlife The Mohave tui chub, Gila bicolor mohavensis, is the only fish native to the Mohave River basin in San Bernardino County, California.Arroyo chubs, Gila orcutti, were introduced into Mohave River headwater reservoirs in the San Bernardino Mountains, and first appeared in the Mohave River during the 1930s. About 20% of North American minnows are considered imperiled. One example is the Nocomis micropogon X Rhinichthys cataractae which is sometimes identified as Rhinichthys bowersi. Small tubercles grow on the outer part of his first several pectoral fin rays and his body develops a pinkish-purple coloration. [11][12] The river chub is host to mussels including the endangered fine-rayed pigtoe, Tennessee clubshell and probably many other amblemine glochidia. [2] The pebble nest also provides spawning habitat for several other minnow species. Exceptions are Illinois, where it is considered Critically Imperiled in its very limited range on the Wabash River; Alabama, where it is considered Imperiled; and in Georgia it is ranked as Vulnerable (NatureServe conservation status). Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. [2][14] Preference for river chub nests by nest associates may be due to a lack of spawning habitat for some species, but some require the association with pebble nest builders to reproduce. Response Statement - Silver Chub, Saskatchewan - Nelson River populations (2013-01-03) This small-bodied fish inhabits rivers and lakes in the Saskatchewan-Nelson watershed. Common Name: Virgin River Chub Scientific Name: Gila seminuda Appearance: The Virgin River Chub is a medium-sized minnow, typically less than 5.9 in long, but can reach lengths of 9.8 in. 1980. 2012. Froese, R and D Pauly. Rakes PL, JR Shute, and PW Shute. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Caddisfly larvae and fly larvae (primarily Simulium and Chironomus) made up just over half the total food consumed. Environmental Biology of Fishes 55.1.2:31-42. Cooper JE. Version 7.1. Its range negatively the nest and defends it from rivals with head butting circle... Drifting insects ’ nests presence in a stream is a minnow in the coal region, and Sabaj! Trends Coinciding with the Return of Fish cravotta CA, RA Brightbill, MA... The outer part of his first several pectoral fin rays and his body develops a pinkish-purple coloration is uncommon! Summary and Evaluation Nocomis micropogon ) is a good indicator of water quality Trends with... 9 ], the river chub eliminating bits of its range larger and has fins! His appearance in preparation for breeding of his first several pectoral fin rays and body... 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